Appeal is a process by which a judgment/order of a subordinate Court is challenged
before its superior court
Hierarchy of Criminal Courts for Appeals
At the subordinate level to the High Court there are broadly four levels of courts
for any territory in a state. These are Executive Magistrates, Judicial Magistrates
of Second Class, Judicial Magistrates of the first class (Metropolitan Magistrate
in a Metropolitan area) and the courts of session in the increasing hierarchical
A person convicted by a Metropolitan Magistrate or an Assistant Session Judge or
Magistrate of First class or of the Second class may appeal to court of sessions.
Any person convicted on a trial held by Sessions judge or an Additional Sessions
judge or on a trial held by any other court may appeal to High Court.